Personal injury is a sudden deterioration of the human body, which leads to incapacity due to an accident suffered at workplace. By ‘accident’ occupational diseases, occupational poisoning and, in exceptional cases, common diseases are meant. In turn, the repetition of accidents associated with the production, falls under industrial injuries classification.
Mentioned below are the most common accident characteristics:
- Depending on the number of individuals, the accident can be single or group
- Depending on severity: light, heavy and lethal;
- Depending on the circumstances the accidents can be: associated with the production, not associated with the production, but work-related, and home accidents.
In case of personal injury the head of the sector where the accident happened, must do the following:
- Take measures to organise first aid to the victim and initiate hospitalisation if necessary
- Take the necessary measures to prevent the recurrence of such accidents
- Immediately report of the incident to the head of the enterprise and the trade union committee;
- Together with the senior inspector of public protection and safety engineer investigate the accident carefully
- Draw up a statement about the accident and send it to the head of the company, who approves the act and attests both copies. One copy is given to the victim, and the second one (along with the materials of the investigation) is stored in the archives of the enterprise.
Mentioned further is the list of accidents that typically fall under personal injury classification: injury resulting from bodily injury to other persons; acute poisoning; heat stroke; frostbite; fatigue; electric shock, lightning, radiation; insect bites; injuries caused by animals; damage resulting from explosions, accidents, destruction of buildings and structures, natural disasters and other emergencies, entailing the need to assign the employee to another position, or lead to temporary or permanent disability.
Accident analysis methods
With regard to the analysis of injuries, to a large extent they depend on the thoroughness of accident registration acts, which is particularly important as for description of the accident. The purpose of the analysis is to develop a corrective action and contribute to prevention of accidents. In carrying out this type of analysis monographic, topographical and statistical methods are taken advantage of.
Monographic method provides a comprehensive analysis of the causes of accidents in the workplace. In this study the organization and working conditions, equipment, inventory and tools are evaluated; this method demonstrates an increased efficiency in conjunction with a statistical analysis.
Topographical method allows you to figure out the most frequent areas where injuries were suffered: in this case the accident areas are marked and analyzed. As a result, more attention to the improvement of working conditions on those workplaces is paid.
The statistical method is based on the study of quantitative data reports. It utilises mainly the coefficients of frequency and severity of injuries.
If an individual suffered an accident, he or she is likely to be authorised for accident claims submission. The current legislation allows an individual to get a compensation for a broad range of accidents: be it whiplash claims or emotional distress.